Saturday, May 9, 2009

Involuntary psychotropic drug used as part of the "Enhanced Interrogations" Experiment

'Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.'
George Santayana , 1905 - Life of Reason, Reason in Common Sense, Scribner's, 1905, page 284

After this month's release of American Justice Department memo(and HERE) that explicitly approved the use of drugs on prisoners and as revelations emerge that top Bush administration officials gave the intelligence "community" and Pentagon a "green light" to torture, evidence mounts that CIA and Special Operations Command interrogators used mind-altering drugs on those to be "interrogated".

As new evidence emerges of the same patterns of abuse, a look at the Canadian involvement in CIA abuses can be informative. From the complicity in torture to the complicity in Human Experiments by the CIA, the Canadian Government has a documented History of participation in such abuses.

Some information about these facts :

The human experiments discussed in the following clip were conducted by American doctor Ewan Cameron at McGill University's renowned Allen Memorial Institute in the 1950s and 1960s. Canadian MP David Orlikow's wife was one of the victims of Ewan Cameron.

The experiments at McGill University were part of a larger project by the U.S. mind-control research program called MK-ULTRA. The Canadian government also provided funding for the project.The clip starts with a CBC interview with Canadian MP David Orlikow, whose wife was a victim of the CIA experiments in Canada :


Watch an extract of the program CBC - THE HOUR - w/George Stroumboulopoulos, aired January 9, 2007:

"The Hour" with George Stroumboulopoulos, aired an interview with one of the Canadian victims of CIA experiments in Canada. A story hard to believe and really disturbing but a piece of the Canadian long cooperation with the CIA. It involves drugs, brainwashing, and the CIA.

. In 1998, author Anne Collins published In the Sleep Room about the brainwashing experiments in Canada. Her book inspired the CBC miniseries The Sleep Room which aired in 1998 and won the Gemini for best TV movie or mini-series. An interview with Anne Collins was aired in 2007.

The story was also the theme of a CBC Documentary - WATCH an extract of CBC The Fifty Estate documentary:

. CBC Television's The Fifth Estate first tackled this story in a March 11, 1980 program. The episode of The Fifth Estate referred to in the above clip was aired on Jan., 17, 1984 and followed up on the question of compensation for the victims of Cameron's tests.

The recent new revelations about the use of drugs and other abuses by the CIA have started to emerge since 2004, at least.

And as more evidence emerges, one can only conclude that the long History of abuses by the CIA and its acomplices is far from over. Are MKULTRA style criminal experiments back?

PS: Recently , mass graves containing the remains of indigenous children where found across Canada. Among the sites is the Allan Memorial Institute, McGill University, a MKULTRA experimental centre. Mass grave of children killed there were found north of building, on southern slopes of Mount Royal behind stone wall.(HERE)

Some articles and participants in the "Enhanced Interrogation" Program follows:

On April 22, 2008, The Washington Post published an article where the Pentagon denied the allegations now being confirmed.(HERE)

Also in April 2008 an article by published the opinion of some experts:

“The use of these drugs was anticipated and discussed in the memos of January and February 2002 by DoD, DoJ, and White House counsel using the same language and rationale. The executive branch memos laid a comprehensive and reiterated policy foundation for the use of interrogational drugs", says Stephen Miles, a University of Minnesota bioethicist and author of “Oath Betrayed: Torture, Medical Complicity, and the War on Terror.”

“I came across some evidence that they were using mind-altering drugs, to regress the prisoners, to ascertain if they were using deception techniques, to break them down,” said Jeffrey S. Kaye, a clinical psychologist who works with torture victims at Survivors International in San Francisco.

At that point it was still unknown if psychologists are involved as among those "health" professionals who involuntarily administered drugs. But , as mentioned in an article by Stephen Soldz in 2008 (HERE) one "should remember that, thanks partly to military support, a number of psychologists can now legally prescribe drugs. And some of those prescribing psychologists were with the Behavioral Science Consultation Teams [BSCTs] at Guantanamo. It also should be remembered that in 2003 the American Psychological Association co-sponsored with the CIA an invitation-only Science of Deception Workshop that discussed, among other topics, "What pharmacological agents are known to affect apparent truth-telling behavior?" CIA consultant torturers James Mitchell and Bruce Jessen were among those invited to attend, as were several of their superiors."

But hard evidence that U.S. interrogators today have been employing hallucinogens, like the LSD the CIA tested on unwitting subjects for at least 20 years beginning in the 1940s, had yet to surface.

In A Question of Torture, historian Alfred W. McCoy tracks the nightmarish world of the CIA's Project ARTICHOKE and its later metastasis, MKULTRA through two distinct, though overlapping phases:

First, esoteric, often bizarre experiments with hypnosis and hallucinogenic drugs, from 1950 to 1956; then, more conventional research into human psychology until 1963 when the agency compiled the fruits of this costly investigation in a definitive interrogation manual. (Alfred W. McCoy, A Question of Torture: CIA Interrogation from the Cold War to the War on Terror, New York: Metropolitan Books, 2006, p. 26)

Some extra notes on the usual participants in the "interrogation" program follows:

The US military involvement in the torture scandal has been revealed from a long time now . (HERE)

The privatisation of interrogation and intelligence-gathering first came to light during the investigation of the killing of four private contractors in Falluja on March 31, 2004 . By that time, the investigation named two US contractors, CACI International Inc and the Titan Corporation.

By then Titan, based in San Diego, described itself as a "a leading provider of comprehensive information and communications products, solutions and services for national security".CACI, which has headquarters in Virginia, claims on its website to "help America's intelligence community collect, analyse and share global information in the war on terrorism".